This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy,
Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Sciences
Tutorial Review Chem Soc Rev
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Published on 26 April 2013 on http://pubs.rsc.org | doi:10.1039/C3CS60045A
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This journal is c The Royal Society of Chemistry 2013 Chem. Soc. Rev.
and Engineering under award number DE-SC0005247 (design
of adaptive materials); by the U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific
Research Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative under
award number FA9550-09-1-0669-DOD35CAP (dynamic optical
structures); and by the U.S. National Science Foundation under
award number CMMI-1124839 (chemo-mechanical feedback
systems). We gratefully acknowledge Dr Michael DeVolder for
providing the image of hydrogel-infiltrated carbon nanotubes.